There is a wide spectrum of periodontal disease, ranging from gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) to periodontitis (disease of the gum, bone and other support structures of the tooth). Bleeding gums is one of the most common signs of gum disease. Getting treatment for gingivitis early is important to avoid serious problems associated with periodontitis such as tooth loss.

What Causes Bleeding Gums

There are many reasons your gums could bleed. You should always tell your dentist if you experience bleeding, sore or swollen gums as it could be a sign of gingivitis.

Common reasons for bleeding gums:

  • Aggressive brushing and/or flossing
  • Certain medications (such as blood thinners)
  • Pregnancy gingivitis
  • Gum disease

Treatment for Bleeding Gums

Gingivitis is reversible and preventable. Your dentist can recommend changes to your daily oral care routine that can help to cut down on the amount of plaque accumulating along the gum line. Prescription mouthwashes can also be used to reduce the amount of harmful bacteria in the mouth. Some patients who have persistent gingivitis may need to visit the dentist every three to four months for professional cleanings that can further reduce plaque and bacteria in the mouth.

Schedule an appointment with one of our dentists for a periodontal screening and evaluation of your gum disease treatment options. Call 410.989.8298 or request an appointment online.