There is a wide spectrum of periodontal disease, ranging from gingivitis: inflammation of the gums, to periodontitis: disease of the gum, bone and other support structures of the tooth. Bleeding gums is one of the most common signs of developing gum disease. Getting treatment for gingivitis early is important to avoid serious problems associated with periodontitis. Tooth decay and tooth loss are two of the symptoms associated with advanced periodontitis.
Gum disease is progressive and often considered a “silent disease”. This is because so many patients do not realize they have a problem until they come in for dental care or begin experiencing the complex symptoms associated with advanced disease. Symptoms may include loose teeth, receding gums, and changes in the fit of your bite. Recognizing the stages and common signs of gum disease can help you get early treatment and avoid permanent damage to your gums and teeth.
- Gingivitis: early-stage gum disease is often characterized by gums that bleed, increased sensitivity to hot or cold temperature, and red swollen gums. Treating gingivitis can halt the progression of gum disease and restore gum health without the need for invasive treatment.
- Periodontitis: advanced gum disease leads to the development of pockets along the gum line where diseased tissue is pulling away from the tooth structure. This eventually leads to shifting teeth, loose teeth and changes in the fit or function of the bite.
Common reasons for bleeding gums:
- Aggressive brushing and/or flossing
- Certain medications such as blood thinners
- Pregnancy gingivitis
- Gum disease
Treatment for Bleeding Gums
Gingivitis is reversible and preventable. Your dentist can recommend changes to your daily oral care routine. We can help cut down on the amount of plaque accumulating along your gum line. Prescription mouthwashes can also be used to reduce the amount of harmful bacteria in your mouth. Some patients who have persistent gingivitis may need to visit the dentist every three to four months for professional cleanings that can further reduce plaque and bacteria in your mouth.
- Scaling and root planing: A thorough cleaning of all surfaces. Scaling and root planing can treat gingivitis and early stages of periodontitis to remove built-up plaque and tartar from between your teeth and gums. This procedure will allow your gum tissues to heal more quickly.
- Laser dentistry: soft tissue lasers can be used to remove damaged tissue and stimulate the body’s natural healing process. You can expect minimal discomfort and side effects. Laser dentistry is painless and quicker than traditional methods.
- Oral surgery: for treating the effects of advanced periodontitis, oral surgery may be needed. We will remove damaged tissue, and possibly replace it with new tissue to stabilize teeth that are loose. Oral surgery is usually reserved as a last-resort. We will first recommend minimally-invasive treatments before oral surgery.
Request a Bleeding Gums Consultation
Schedule a worry-free consultation with Lee, Bonfiglio, Vesely & Associates. After a periodontal screening and evaluation, we will recommend the best gum disease treatment option for your situation. Call (410) 989-8298 or request an appointment online today.